The Tenuta covers a hilly area on the border between the provinces of Pisa and Florence, a unique and unspoilt scenery, characterized by its mild Mediterranean climate. The large forested area, approximately 350 hectares, lies almost entirely within the protected natural area of the Carfalo Torrent, known for the presence of the relict beech forest and the spectacled salamander, and which is also the home to many other plant and animal species of great environmental interest.
The estate's agricultural production consists only in the cultivation of high quality products and is respectful of the environment and the protection of the natural landscape.
Vineyards, olive groves and arable land are distributed not only mainly according to the ancient agrarian layout of the area, but are also affected by new investments. Of the more than 20 hectares of vineyards, 10 have been planted starting in 2012, and include the vineyards Sangiovese (80%), Merlot, Cabernet Sauvignon, Syrah, Alicante, Vermentino and Viognier.
Recently about 2600 olive trees have also been planted, of the varieties Frantoio, Leccino, Leccio del Corno, and Pendolino, and are managed according to modern criteria, joining the over 8000 earlier olive groves of the estate. Almost the entire olive growing area has been certified organic since July 2014, while all other crops will be, starting from autumn 2016. Arable crops cover about 250 acres and are intended primarily to produce grains, fodder and legumes. We are implementing, through collaboration with the Scuola Superiore Sant'Anna di Pisa, a three-year experiment aimed at the production of biomass. We also take part in a research on oil and its byproducts project sponsored by the Tuscany Region, coordinated by the Department of agriculture, food and agricultural-environmental sciences at the University of Pisa.
The vineyards of the Tenuta di Castelfalfi are grown so as to obtain the best quality product with minimal environmental impact. The five types we produce: San Piero IGT, Cerchiaia DOCG, Poggionero IGT, Poggio alla Fame IGT and Poggio i Soli IGT are the result of the great effort of our vine growers.
The richness and variety of raw materials make Castelfalfi's range of foods and wines unparalleled.
You can taste and buy our wines at the Winery of the farm.
Castelfalfi's oil press is of fundamental importance for our farm and for the surrounding area. Our oil press, in fact, processes the olives of approximately 400 outside customers, ranging from small landowners to large farms.
We achieved organic certification for all our production and cultivation in 2016.
Since 2013 we have been pressing oil for customers who already grow organically. The growing demand for this service by third parties attests the quality of our work and encourages us to further improve our facilities and processes. Thanks to our investments made in September 2013, we have increased the quantity and quality of the oil produced, also with the help of our new cold extraction line. This is a fundamental point of the conversion program that had led us, in 2016, to totally organic production and cultivation.
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Our emmer cultivation covers about 50 hectares of land within the Tenuta and produces about 1000 tons per year. Given the conversion to organic methods on all agricultural areas, emmer is a perfect crop: it does not require the use of pesticides nor fertilizer. Every year, in fact, we identify new areas for planting, choosing land which had been "at rest" in the previous year. The crops are sown in November and harvested during July.
Emmer is the ideal organic crop since it doesn't require fertilizers and pesticides.